Modern obstacles are opposing the growth of third parties
Competition featuring noise blasts
Third parties receive fewer federal subsidies for the presidential election and are forced to raise more of their own money
Bartholow et al. Chronic violent video game exposure and desensitization to violence
"Public Funding of Presidential Elections." Federal Election Committee Website.
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The Commission on Presidential Debates has standards that are not feasible for third-party candidates to meet
Bushman, Brad and Craig Anderson. Violent Video Games and Hostile Expectations
"Third Party Candidates' Mission Impossible." BU Today.
A Longitudinal Study of the Association Between Violent Video Game Play and Aggression Among Adolescents
Anderson, Craig and Nicholas Carnagey. Causal effects of violent sports video games on aggression
Giumetti, Gary and Patrick Markey. Violent video games and anger as predictors of aggression
Hasan et al. The more you play, the more aggressive you become
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