Centralization will increase efficiency
Power in the hands of the few, in the context of intelligence agencies, leads to abuse
Centralization concentrates power in the hands of too few
J. Edgar Hoover directed FBI for 48 years. May have pursued FBI interests over American interests.
Hoover's fervent Anti-Communism a ploy to increase U.S. support of FBI and FBI surveillance of political activists
Decentralized power is an enduring fixture of American politics and should remain that way
Third paragraph of "The Truth about J. Edgar Hoover," TIME Archives
COINTELPRO, pushed by Hoover, ignored FBI jurisdiction in attempts to discredit movements to help American citizens
Having a clear group responsible for national security may allow swifter and more sweeping changes should abuse be found
Data are managed separately between myriad agencies. Lack of communication dangerous. A head agency may increase communication.
Past attempts at centralizing intelligence agencies have been unsuccessful
The policy-making powers of the leadership of intelligence agencies may be independent of how the agencies are organized
Lack of oversight led to perceived abuses such as COINTELPRO. Oversight and centralization need not be mutually incompatible
Hypothetical Example: Committee of leaders, appointed and elected, head the proposed central agency, minimizing abuse risk
Creation of the Office of Strategic Services and Centralized Intelligence Agency did not lead to increased collaboration or centralization