Only one third party has gained the presidency in American history, after which it became one of the two-party system: Republican Party
In other systems, fractions of votes lead to fractions of representation, thus increasing the rewards for third parties
Both Congressional and Presidential elections are winner-take-all
The German political system has party-proportional voting and has many parties, a likely outcome of that system
Congressional districts are often single-member districts, meaning only one candidate with a plurality will be elected
Presidential elections are through the Electoral College, which has only a single winner
Modern obstacles are opposing the growth of third parties
Third parties receive fewer federal subsidies for the presidential election and are forced to raise more of their own money
"Public Funding of Presidential Elections." Federal Election Committee Website.
The Commission on Presidential Debates has standards that are not feasible for third-party candidates to meet
'Third Party Candidates' Mission Impossible.' BU Today.
The current policy of de-emphasizing rescuing boat migrants to Europe is a way to deter future human suffering
Note: The EU followed this logic before April 2015 by cutting maritime rescue money by over 60%
If migrants know they will be rescued from drowning, they will be more willing to risk crossing the Mediterranean
The 2014 and 2015 maritime migration rates have been comparable, but the death rate has soared in 2015